Subgroup Unified Scales: From Unified Acidity and Reducity to the Protoelectric Potential Map...

How can one compare Acidty or Redox Potentials between different Solvents...?

How to Measure the Single Ion Magnitudes without Extra-thermodynamics...?

The following content is available on our companion website

Unified Acidity:

Formulae, Anchor Points and pHabs-calculator.

Unified Reducity: Definition & calculation of the unified reducity peabs.

Protoelectric Potential Map PPM: Definition, Anchor Points and more.

Pan-European Research Network of fundamental pH Research UnipHied.